"Such systems have typically required end users to use a manually developed ontology – a lexicon of predefined concepts used to assign machine-readable semantic meaning to information – and then train the software to correctly annotate different images.
The ImageNotion system strips away much of that complexity for the end user, combining semantic annotation with a variety of other technologies, from text mining and object recognition to face detection and face identification, in order to permit many more images to be accurately annotated with little or no user intervention."
D: this bears some passing resemblance to Attempto/ACE, in that it attempts to restrict English language usage.
Leading to the usual quagmire of dozens, if not hundreds, of popular natural languages.
See the entry on EU costs for translation. And the UN - OMG!