Thursday, April 5, 2012

Dothraki language of Game of Thrones analyzed

D - dunno about you, but I am going nuts waiting for Season 2!

"Rizhaan anni, vezh fin asaja rhaesheseres, maan anha valloshak azh akka. — To my son, the stallion who will mount the world, I will also pledge a gift. "

The Dothraki language is the constructed language of the Dothraki, the indigenous inhabitants of the Dothraki Sea in the series A Song of Ice and Fire written by George R. R. Martin. It was created by David J. Peterson, a member of the Language Creation Society, for HBO's television series Game of Thrones. Dothraki was designed to fit George R. R. Martin's original conception of the language, based upon the few extant phrases and words in his original books.

Peterson drew inspiration from George R.R. Martin’s description of the language, as well as from such languages as Russian, Turkish, Estonian, Inuktitut and Swahili.[3]

[edit] Language constraintsThe Dothraki language was developed under two significant constraints. First, the language had to match the uses already put down in the books. Secondly, it had to be easily pronounceable or learnable by the actors. These two constraints influenced the grammar and phonology of the language: for instance, voiceless stops can be aspirated or unaspirated, as in English.

David Peterson has said that "I tend to think of the sound as a mix between Arabic (minus the distinctive pharyngeals) and Spanish, due to the dental consonants."

There are twenty-three consonant phonemes... Voiceless stops may be aspirated. This does not change word meaning. (D - allophones! )

Dothraki has a four vowel system ... u never occurs as a vowel. (D - unlikely AUI are the most common and basic of vowels in natural languages. )

Basic word order is SVO: subject comes first, then verb and lastly object. (D - like English. Lotsa declination a la Eastern European. )

( D - the lexicon looks like what feudal Klingons would speak! )

achra [at͡ʃɾa]
adj. smelly
achrakh [at͡ʃɾax]
ni. stink
achralat [at͡ʃɾalat]
v. to be smelly, to give off a smell

adakhat [adaxat]
v. to eat
past: adakh
adakhilat [adaxilat]
v. to feed

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